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Researchers
  • Prof.  gideon Holan
 
1) Higher Education:
 
Date: 1970 – 1976
Institution: The Hebrew University-Hadassah, Faculty of Dental Medicine,
              Area of Study: Dentistry
Degree: D.M.D.
 
Date:  1981 – 1984
Institution: The Hebrew University - Hadassah, Faculty of Dental Medicine,
Area of Study: Pediatric Dentistry Postgraduate Program
Degree: Specialist in Pediatric Dentistry
 
2) Appointments at the Hebrew University – Faculty of Dental Medicine – Pediatric Dentistry
 
1982  - 1987 Instructor 
1/4/1991    Clinical Lecturer 
1992   - Lecturer 
1996  - Senior Lecturer
2008 - Clinical Associate professor
 

3) Additional Functions/Tasks at the Hebrew University:
  
1993 Member of: Committee for Clinical Instruction Measures and Work Systems.
1993 - 1996 Member of: Admission Committee
1996 Member of: Foreign Affairs Committee
1997 - 2000 Member of: Medical Library Committee
1999 - 2002 Director of Clinics
1999 – 2002 Member of: Organizing Committee of the Annual Faculty Research Meeting 
2002 - 2005 Member of: Admission Committee 
2002 - present Member of: Committee for Advanced Education 
2002 - 2005 Chairman: Pedagogic / Students-Teachers Committee
2005 – present Member of: Committee for Planning Clinical and Teaching Infrastructure
2006 – present Member of: Committee accompanying the dental hygienists course teaching
2006 – present  Coordinator. The D. Walter Cohen DDS, Middle East Center for Dental Education.
2007-  2008 Director. The D. Walter Cohen DDS, Middle East Center for Dental Education. 
 
 
4) Service in Other Academic and Research Institutions:
 
5) Other Activity:
6.1  Member and Chairman of  Professional Committees
1990 - 1996  Abstract editor – “PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY” - Journal of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. 
1990 – present Reviewer  – “PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY” - Journal of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. 
1996 – 2002 Member of the editorial board – “PEDIATRIC DENTISTRY” - Journal of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry.
2004 – present Reviewer  – “JOURNAL of DENTISTRY for CHILDREN” - Journal of the American Society of Dentistry for Children.
1987 – 1993 Administrative director of Hadassah outreach Pediatric Dental Clinic.
1992 Chairman, Organizing committee of The Second Pedo-Ortho Dental Conference, Eilat, Israel June 1992. 
1996 - 2000  Coordinator -Continuing Education Program in Pediatric Dentistry.  
1995 - 1998 Member, Organizing Committee of The 8th International Congress of Dental Traumatology, Eilat Israel October, 1998.
2000 Organizing Committee – 9th International Dental Congress on Modern Pain Control, May 2000, Jerusalem Israel.
1992 - present Member - Orthodontic Board Exam Committee of the Scientific Council of The Israel Dental Association. 
1994 - 2004 Member - Pediatric Dentistry Board Exam Committee of the Scientific Council of The Israel Dental Association. 
1997- 2000 Chairman - Pediatric Dentistry Board Exam Committee of the Scientific Council of The Israel Dental Association. 
1996 - 2008 Member - Israel Board of Pediatric Dentistry, Committee of the Scientific Council of The Israel Dental Association. 
1987 - 1992 Member of the Board & Chairman elect - The Israel Society of Pediatric Dentistry 
1988 - 1992 Chairman - The Israel Society of Pediatric Dentistry. 
1988 - 1989 Editor of  “Baby Teeth”, newsletter of the Israel Society of Pediatric Dentistry. 
1994 - 1997 Commentary Committee - The Israel Society of Pediatric Dentistry.  
1995  Member of the Board - Israel Society for Prevention and Treatment of Dental Injuries
2006 – present Reviewer – The International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
2006- present Member of the Publication Committee of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry
2006- 2008 Chairman - Israel Board of Pediatric Dentistry, Committee of the Scientific Council of The Israel Dental Association.
 
1996/7 - On the Rector’s list of excellence in teaching
1997/8 - On the Rector’s list of excellence in teaching
2004/5 - On the Dean’s list of excellence in teaching
2012/3 - On the Rector’s list of excellence in teaching
 
6.2 Membership in Professional Societies
 
1977 – present  Israel Society of Pediatric Dentistry 
1981 - present Alpha-Omega Fraternity 
1990 - present Israel Society of Sedation and General Anesthesia in Dentistry
1990 - present American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry 
1995 - present Israel Society for Prevention and Treatment of Dental Injuries
1994 - present International Association of Dental Research  
1999 - present International Association of Paediatric Dentistry 
  
6) Research Grants:
 
1988: Faculty of Dentistry Research Committee, “Marginal leakage of impregnated class 2 composites in primary molars. An in-vivo study”, Chosak A and Eidelman E. $2500.-
#11.
 
1991: Dr. Olga Wind Award, Gainesville, Florida, “Clinical evaluation of class 2 combined amalgam-composite restorations in primary molars”, Chosak A and Eidelman E. $5000.- #20.
 
1995: Faculty of Dentistry Research Committee, “Long term effect of intrusive luxation on primary incisors. A retrospective study”, Diana Ram, $2500.- #26.
 
1997: Faculty of Dentistry Research Committee, “Mineral Trioxide Aggregate vs. dilute formocresol in pulpotomized primary molars: a long term follow-up”,
Anna Fuks, Eliezer Eidelman, $4000.- # 27, #37.
 
1989-90: Scholarship for a one-year stay at the Dental Clinic of Children’s Hospital in       Columbus Ohio as participant of the Wexner Exchange Program..
 
Clinical Grants
 
1999:  “Keren Haezvonot” (Apotropus), The Ministry of Health, “Dental Treatment for underprivileged people”, NIS 35,000.-
 
2000:  “Keren Haezvonot” (Apotropus), The Ministry of Health, “Dental Treatment for underprivileged people”, NIS 100,000.- (with Prof Y. Shapira and Prof. D. Cochavi).
 
2001:  The Jerusalem Foundation, “Children’s Dental Treatment”, NIS 31,400.-
 
2001:  “Keren Haezvonot” (Apotropos), The Ministry of Health, “Dental Treatment for underprivileged people”, NIS 40,000.-
 
2002:  The Jerusalem Foundation, “Children’s Dental Treatment”, NIS 30,000.-
 

7) Teaching at the Hebrew University:
 
a) Supervision of B.Med.Sc., MSc. and D.M.D. Students:
 
B. Med. Sc. degree Students:
 
2001 Yossi Tam: Replantation of avulsed primary incisors.
 
2002 Tamar Zait: Dark discoloration of traumatized primary teeth.
 
2002 Odelia Gefen: Speech problems following early loss of primary incisors.
 
2006  Suhir Kashkush: Cyst development following endodontic treatment in primary molars
 
MSc Degree Students:
 
2004 Efrat Bussiba: Co-supervisor – Dr. Diana Ram, Dr. Aharon Palmon.
 The effect of immersing extracted permanent teeth in swimming pool water on periodontal ligament vitality. February 2004 – June 2005 – The research work has been terminated by the student upon her own request.
 
D.M.D. degree Students:
 
1. 1999 Osnat Atad-Levi, Co-supervisor - Prof. Anna Fuks, Prof. Eliezer Eidelman.
 The Effect of Ferric Sulfate versus Dilute Formocresol in Pulpotomized Primary Molars on their Permanent Successors. Publication #23.
 
2. 2000 Esther Sharon, Co-supervisor – Prof. Yehoshua Lustaman,
The Influence of Surgical Extraction of Impacted Supernumerary Teeth in the Premaxilla at Different Age Groups on the Development of the Adjacent Permanent Teeth in Children.
 
3. 2000 Nirit Keltz,  Co-supervisor – Prof. Anna Fuks,
The Success Rate of pulpotomy in Primary Molars Restored with Stainless Steel Crowns versus Amalgam Restorations. A Retrospective Study on Teeth Treated in a Private Pediatric Dental Practice.  Publication #29
 
4. 2002 Yaron Shmueli, 
Assessment of Knowledge of Israeli Physicians in Hospital Emergency Department, Regarding the Immediate Treatment Recommended for Traumatically Avulsed Permanent Incisors. Publication #30
 
5. 2002 Samara Eid,  Co-supervisor – Dr. Motti Moskovitz
 Radiographic Evaluation of Root Canal Fillings with Endoflas in Primary Teeth. A Retrospective Study. Publication #34
 
6. 2003 Zahlaka Mahdi,
Cost and Time Consumed in the Treatment of Traumatic Dental Injuries.
• This research study won the “Faculty Outstanding Award” for a D.M.D. Thesis.
 
 
 

7. 2003 Gabai Michal, Co-supervisor – Prof. Anna Fuks
Influence of Different Restorative Treatments on Shedding Time of Primary Molars.
Abstract #35 IADR- Israeli annual meeting June 2005.
• This research study won the “Faculty Outstanding Award” for a D.M.D. Thesis
 
8. 2005 Munaya Abu Rahme, Co-supervisor – Dr. Diana Ram
Parental Attitude to their Children’s Appearance in the Case of Esthetic Injury of the Anterior Primary Teeth.
 
9. 2005 Daniela Yahav, Co-supervisor – Dr. Motti Moskovitz
Long term follow-up of pulpectomized primary molars.
 
10. 2005 Ashkar Husam, Co-supervisor – Dr. Motti Moskovitz
Rate of root resorption of primary molars following root canal treatment.
 
11. 2009 Ofra Bechar, Co-supervisor – Dr. Diana Ram
      Effectiveness of an expired Phosphoric acid 37% solution in comparison to a non-expired corresponding solution
 
12. 2009 Kinneret Sheinvald
      Parent's Awareness of Traumatic Injuries of Primary Incisors affecting their Children
 
13. 2009 Liza Yudko Co-supervisor – Dr. Diana Ram
 Association between traumatic injuries and atypical external root resorption in maxillary primary incisors.
 

Postgraduate research study as part of specialization in pediatric dentistry
 
1.   2006: Dr. Maya Rozenfeld: Co-supervisor – Prof. Anna Fuks
      Comparison of marginal adaptation of Acetal crowns vs. Stainless-Steel Crowns to plastic-modeled primary molars by means of dye penetration.
 
b) Post-doctoral Fellow and Visitors
 
c) Courses Taught by Candidate  (to D.M.D. students)  
 
• Introduction to Pediatric Dentistry – 2nd year, 1 hour. 
• Developmental Disturbances in the Human Dentition: Changes in Number, Size and Shape4th year, 2 hours,  (till 2003).
• Behavior and Diagnostic Aspects of Radiography in Young Children – 5th year, 1 hour, (since 2003).
• Traumatic Injuries to the Permanent Dentition: Root Fractures, Crown-Root Fractures, Luxation Injuries & Avulsion and Replantation – 5th year, 2 hours. 
• Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Dentition: Diagnosis and Treatment of Emergency Cases and Late Complications  – 5th year, 2 hours.
• Clinical Teaching – 6th year, 3 hours weekly.
 
d) Teaching of postgraduate-specialty-program students
 
• Instructor in the dental clinic.
• Continuous availability for instruction upon request.
• Preparation and updating of the content of the postgraduate program.
• Selection of articles for the weekly journal club.
• Students’ moderator in clinical seminar, journal club and books’ chapters.
 
• Gideon Holan (last update: 13/4/2015)
 
List of Publications
 
Key to symbols and abbreviations
PI = Principal Investigator
S = Student
C = co-researcher
T = Technician/laboratory assistant
 
Doctoral Dissertation D.M.D degree
Allergy to local anesthetics in the allergy clinic. Dr. Shimon Shohat 1977.
 
Chapters in Books:
 
1. Holan, G.  McTigue, D.J. (2005) Chapter 15: Traumatic injuries to the primary dentition. In: Pediatric Dentistry: Infancy through adolescent. Pinkham, JR. ed. 4th ed. W.B.Sounders Company.
 
2. Flores, MT. Holan, G.  Borum, M. and Andreasen, JO. (2007) Injuries to the Primary Dentition. In: Textbook and Color Atlas of Traumatic Injuries to the Teeth. 4th ed. Blackwell Munkgaard.
 
3. Holan, G.  McTigue, D.J. (2013) Chapter 15: Traumatic injuries to the primary dentition. In: Pediatric Dentistry: Infancy through adolescent. Casamassimo, Fields, McTigue, Nowak. eds. 5th ed. Elsevier.
 
 
Articles:
Original Papers in Peer Reviewed Journals:
 
1. Holan, G. Fuks, AB. Grajower, R. and Chosack, A. (1986) In vitro assessment of the effect of Scotchbond on the marginal leakage of class II composite restorations in primary molars. ASDC Journal of Dentistry for Children 53:188-92.
 
2. Fisbein, S. Holan, G. Grajower, R. and Fuks, AB. (1988) The effect of VLC Scotchbond and an incremental filling technique on leakage around class II composite restorations. ASDC Journal of Dentistry for Children 55:29-33.
 
3. Holan, G. Bimstein, E. Wagner, ML. and Abrams, RG. (1988) Evaluation of pediatric dentistry curriculum by the graduates. Dental Medicine 6:13-18. (in Hebrew)
 
4. Guelman, M. Fuks, AB. Holan, G. and Grajower, R. (1989) Marginal leakage of class II glass-ionomer-silver restorations, with and without posterior composite coverage. an in vitro study. ASDC Journal of Dentistry for Children. 56:272-282.
• Selected as recipient of 2nd place ASDC Journalism award for 1990.
 
5. Holan, G. Levin, M. Bimstein, E. Grajower, R. and Eidelman, E. (1989) Clinical, radiographic, S.E.M evaluation and assessment of microleakage of class II composite restorations. American Journal of Dentistry. 2:274-278.  
 
6. Eidelman, E. Holan, G. Tanzer-Sarneh, S. and Chosack, A. (1990) An Evaluation of marginal leakage of class 2 combined amalgam-composite restorations. Operative Dentistry, 15:141-148.
 
7. Holan, G. Iyad, N. and Chosack, A. (1991) Dental caries experience of 5-year-old children related to their parents' education levels: a study in an Arab community in Israel. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry, 1:83-87.
 
8. Kaufman, E. Holan, G. Eidelman, E. and Goodman-Topper, E. (1991) Evaluation of students' performance in obtaining local anaesthesia in children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. 1:147-150.
 
9. Fuks, AB. Holan, G. Simon, H. and Levinstein, I. (1992) Microleakage of class 2 glass-ionomer-silver restorations in primary molars. Operative Dentistry. 17:62-69.
 
10. Holan, G. Chosack, A. Casamassimo, PS. and Eidelman, E. (1992) Marginal leakage of impregnated class 2 composites in primary molars. An in-vivo study. Operative Dentistry. 17:122-128.
 
11. Holan, G. Topf(Friedman), J. and Fuks, AB. (1992) Effect of root canal infection and treatment of traumatized primary incisors on their permanent successors. Endodontics & Dental Traumatology, 8:12-15.
• Included in the required reading list for the exam of the American Board of Pediatric Dentistry.
 
12. Shapira, S. Holan, G. Guelman, M and Cahan, S. (1992) Evaluation of the effect of nitrous oxide and hydroxyzine in controlling the behavior of the pediatric dental patient. Pediatric Dentistry, 14:167-170.
 
13. Holan G. Kadari, A. Engelhard, D. and Chosack, A. (1993) Temperature elevation in children following dental treatment under general anesthesia with or without prophylactic antibiotics. Pediatric Dentistry. 15:99-103.
 
14. Holan G. (1993) Influence of wearing latex gloves on electric pulp tester readings in children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. 3:199-203.
 
15. Holan, G. and Fuks, A. (1993) A comparison of pulpectomies using ZOE and KRI paste in primary molars: a retrospective study. Pediatric Dentistry. 15: 403-407.
 
16. Holan, G. and Mamber, E. (1994) Extraction of primary canine tooth buds: prevalence and associated dental abnormalities in a group of Ethiopian Jewish children. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry. 4:25-30.
 
17. Hovav, S. Holan, G. Levinstein, I. and Fuks, AB. (1995) Microleakage of class 2 Superbond-lined composite restorations with and without a cervical amalgam base. Operative Dentistry. 20:63-67.
 
18. Kupietzky, A. Holan, G. and Shapira, J. (1996) Intranasal midazolam better at effecting amnesia after sedation than oral hydroxyzine: a pilot study. Pediatric Dentistry 18:32-34.
 
19. Holan, G. and Fuks AB. (1996) The diagnostic value of coronal dark-gray discoloration in primary teeth following traumatic injuries. Pediatric Dentistry. 18:224-227.
 
20. Holan, G. Chosack, A. and Eidelman, E. (1996) Clinical evaluation of class 2 combined amalgam-composite restorations in primary molars after 6-30 months. ASDC Journal of Dentistry for Children 63:341-345.
 
21. Shapira, J. Holan, G. Botzer, E. Kupieztky, A. Tal, E. and Fuks, AB. (1996) The effectiveness of midazolam and hydroxyzine as sedative agents for young pediatric dental patients. ASDC Journal of Dentistry for Children. 63:421-425.
 
22. Holan, G. Eidelman, E. and Wright, GZ. (1997) The effect of internal bevel on marginal leakage at the approximal surface of class 2 composite restorations. Operative Dentistry. 22:217-221.
 
23. Fuks, AB. Holan, G. Davis, JM. and Eidelman, E. (1997) Ferric sulfate Versus diluted formocresol in pulpotomized primary molars: long term follow-up. Pediatric Dentistry. 19:327-330.
 

24. Holan G.PI (1998) Traumatic injuries to the chin: A survey in a paediatric private practice. International Journal of Paediatric Dentinstry. 8:143-148. x;x;3;3
 
25. Holan, G.PI (1998) Tube-like mineralization in the dental pulp of traumatized primary incisors: A clinical, radiographic and histologic evaluation, and scanning electron microscopy. Endodontics & Dental Traumatology. 14:279-284. 0.716;41/49;3;3
 
26. Holan, G. PI Ram, D. PI (1999) Sequela and prognosis of intruded primary incisors. A retrospective study. Pediatric Dentistry. 21:242-247. x;x;7;6
 
27. Eidelman, E. PI Holan, G. C Fuks, AB. C (2001) Mineral trioxide aggregate vs. Formocresol in pulpotomized primary molars: a preliminary report. Pediatric Dentistry. 23:15-18. x;x;11;9
 
28. Holan, G.PI Ram, D. C Fuks, AB. C (2002) The diagnostic value of lateral extraoral radiograph in cases of intrusion of maxillary primary incisors. Pediatric Dentistry 24:38-42.x;x;11;9
 
29. Holan, G.PI  Fuks, AB. C Keltz, N.S (2002) Success rate of pulpotomized primary molars restored with stainless steel crown vs. amalgam. Pediatric Dentistry 24:212-216.x;x;8;6
 
30. Holan, G.PI Shmueli, Y.S (2003) Knowledge of physicians in hospital emergency rooms in Israel on their role in cases of avulsion of permanent incisors. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 13:13-19. x;x;6;5
 
31. Bimstein, E.PI Peretz, B. C Holan, G. C (2003) Prevalence of gingival stippling in children. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 27:163-165. x;x;0
 
32. Holan, G.PI (2004) Development of clinical and radiographic signs associated with dark discolored primary incisors following traumatic injuries. A prospective controlled study. Dental Traumatology. 20:276-287. 0.716;41/49;1;1
 
33. Shapira, J.PI Kupietzky, A C Fuks, AB. C Kedari, A. C and Holan, G.PI (2004) Comparison of oral midazolam with and without hydroxyzine in the sedation of pediatric dental patients. Pediatric Dentistry. 26:492-496. x;x;3,3
 
34. Moskovitch M.PI Samara E.S and Holan G.PI (2005) Success rate of root canal treatment in primary molars. Journal of Dentistry. 33:41-47. 1.636;19/49;2;2
 
35. Holan, G.PI Peretz, B C. Efrat, J C. and Shapira, Y C. (2005) Traumatic injuries to the teeth in young individuals with cerebral palsy. Dental Traumatology. 21:65-69. 0.716;41/49;0
 
36. Holan, G.PI Eidelman, E C and Fuks, AB C. (2005) Long-term evaluation of pulpotomy in primary molars using Mineral Trioxide Aggregate or formocresol as dressing materials. Pediatric Dentistry. 27:129-136. x;x; 2;2
The abstract of this article has been published in the journal: Evidence Based Dentistry. 7:35-36, 2006.
 
37. Holan, G.PI (2006) Long term effect of different treatment modalities for traumatized primary incisors presenting dark coronal discoloration with no other signs of injury. Dental Traumatology. 22:14-17. 0.716;41/49;0
 
38. Holan G. PI Cohenca N C. Brin I C and Sgan-Cohen H C. (2006) An oral health promotion program for the prevention of complications following avulsion: the effect on knowledge of physical education teachers. Dental Traumatology.22:323-327. 0.716;417/49;0
 
39. Holan G. PI Rahme MA C. Ram D PI. (2010) Parents' attitude toward their children's appearance in the case of esthetic defects of the anterior primary teeth. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 34(2):141-5.
 
40. Ram D, Shapira J, Holan G, Magora F, Cohen S, Davidovich E. (2010) Audiovisual video eyeglass distraction during dental treatment in children. Quintessence International. Sep;41(8):673-9.
 
41. Moskovitz M, Yahav D, Tickotsky N, Holan G. (2010) Long-term follow up of root canal treated primary molars. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2010 May;20(3):207-13.
 
42. Moskovitz M, Tickotsky N, Ashkar H, Holan G. (2012) Degree of Root Resorption after Root Canal Treatments with Iodoform Containing  Filling Material in Primary Molars. Quintessence International. May;43(5):361-8.
 
43. Sheinvald-Shusterman K, Holan G. (2012) Parents' ability to recall past injuries to maxillary primary incisors in their children. Dent Traumatol. Aug;28(4):273-6.
 
44. Holan G, Needleman H. Premature loss of primary anterior teeth due to trauma - potential short and long term sequalae. Dent Traumatol. (2013) Dent Traumatol. 2014 Apr;30(2):100-6.
 
45. Holan G, Yodko E, Sheinvald-Shusterman K (2015) The association between traumatic dental injuries and atypical external root resorption in maxillary primary incisors. Dent Traumatol. Feb;31(1):35-41.
 

Review articles:
 
1. Holan G.PI (1996) Re-evaluation of recommendations for the emergency treatment of avulsed permanent teeth. Refuat Hapeh Vehashinaim. 13:57-63. (in Hebrew).
 
2. Holan G.PI (2001) The role of the medical team in emergency units in case of traumatic loss of permanent anterior teeth. Harefuah, Journal of the Israel Medical Association 140:425-428. (in Hebrew). x;x;0
 
3. Kupietzky API. Holan G.PI (2003) Treatment options for crown fractures with pulp exposure in primary incisors. Pediatric Dentistry 25:241-247. x;x;1;1
 
4. Holan G. (2013) Replantation of avulsed primary incisors: a critical review of a controversial treatment. Dent Traumatol. Jun;29(3):178-84.
 
Case Reports:
 
1. Wright, KB.  Holan, G. Casamassimo, PS. and Dennis, RK. (1991) Alveolar bone loss in two children with short-bowel syndrome receiving total parenteral nutrition. Journal of Periodontology 62:272-275.
 
2. Holan, G. and Chosack, A. (1991) Single-rooted molars in the primary and permanent dentition in two siblings: case report. Pediatric Dentistry, 13:367-369.
 
3. Ram, D. and Holan, G.  (1994) Partial pulpotomy in a traumatized primary incisor with pulp exposure. Case report. Pediatric Dentistry. 16:46-48.
 
4. Holan, G. Eidelman, E. and Mass, E. (1994) Pre-eruptive coronal resorption of permanent teeth: report of three cases and their treatments. Pediatric Dentistry. 16:373-377.
 
5. Holan, G. and Botzer, E. (1996) Immediate esthetic treatment of an avulsed/replanted permanent incisor with extensive root resorption: a case report. Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry. 20:141-144.
 
6. Holan, G. (1997) Periodontal breakdown and pathologic root resorption of primary molars following traumatic injuries to the chin: A case report. Pediatric Dentistry. 19:425-426.
 
7. Holan, G. (1998) Dens invaginatus in a primary canine. A case report. International Journal of Paediatric Dentinstry. 8:61-64.
 
8. Holan, G.PI (1998) Idiopathic internal resorption followed by remodelling in primary molars. A case report. International Journal of Paediatric Dentinstry. 8:213-217.x;x;1;1
 
9. Holan, G.PI (1999) Conservative treatment of severely luxated maxillary primary central   incisors: A case report. Pediatric Dentistry. 21:459-462. x;x;2;2
 
10. Holan, G.PI and Ram D. PI (2000) Aspiration of an avulsed primary incisor. A case report. International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry 10:150-152. x;x;2;2
 
11. Katz-Sagi, H. PI  Moskovitz, M. C  Moshonov, J. C and Holan, G. C (2004) Pulp canal obliteration in an unerupted permanent incisor following trauma to its primary predecessor. A case report. Dental Traumatology. 20:181-183. 0.716;41/49;1;1
 
12. Moskovitz, M. PI and Holan, G. C (2004) Pre-eruptive intra-coronal radiolucent defect: A case of a non-progressive lesion. ASDC Journal of Dentistry for Children. 71:175-178. x;x;0
 
13. Dragstedt AN, Mixon R, Holan G, Guelmann M. Bilateral complicated crown fractures secondary to chin injury: a case-report. Dental Traumatology. Accepted for publication (26/10/2011)
 
Letter to the editor:
 
1. Holan, G. (1996) Replantation of avulsed teeth: Wrong recommendations in a recommended article - (in Hebrew) Refuat Hapeh Vehashinaim 13(3):14. - Oral and Dental medicine - The journal of the Israel Dental Association. (In response to: Kranser PR, Rankow HJ: New philosophy for the treatment of avulsed teeth. Oral surg. Oral Med, Oral Pathol 79:616-623, 1995).
 
2. Holan, G. (2006) Disturbing conclusion. Br Dent J. 2006 Feb 11;200(3):123;
3. Reaction to:  Al-Khayatt AS, Davidson LE. Complications following replantation of a primary incisor: a cautionary tale. Br Dent J. 2005 Jun 11;198(11):687-8.
 
Guest editorial
 
Holan G. Que Feriez-vous si c'éetait votre propre enfant? (What would you do to your own child?). Rev Francoph Odontol Pediatr 2010 (5),3:97.
 
Abstracts and Posters presented in Scientific Congresses
(lectures presented by a co-author)
 
1. Guelman, M. Fuks, AB. Holan, G. and Grajower, R.: Marginal leakage of class II glass ionomer silver restorations with and without a posterior composite coverage. Abs. 18. Journal of Dental Research 67:714, 1988. (abstract)
 
2. Koenigsberg, S. Guelman, M. Shapira, J. Kagan, A. and Holan, G. Assessing head restraint and Diazepam sedation in young children. Journal of Dental  Research. 67, special issue:128, 1988.    and: Pediatric Dentistry 10:240-241, Sep. 1988. (abstract)
 
3. Holan, G. Eidelman, E. Goodman-Topper, E. and Kaufman, E.: Success rates of local anesthesia in a pedodontic clinic. p:2 World Dental Conference, Jerusalem, Israel, June 1988. (abstract)
 
4. Levin, M. Eidelman, E. Grajower, R. and Holan, G.: Clinical, radiographic and S.E.M evaluation and assessment of marginal leakage of class 2 composite restorations in permanent posterior teeth: an in vitro study. p:56 World Dental Conference, Jerusalem, Israel, June 1988. (abstract)
 
5. Fuks, A. Simon, H. Holan G. and Levinstein, I.: Microleakage of class II glass-ionome-silver cement restorations with and without a composite coverage. Journal of Dental Research, Divisional abstracts 69(4):1036, Abstract 47, April 1990.  and: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry, 17:50, 1992 (abstract)
 
6. Eidelman, E. Holan, G. Tanzer-Sarneh, S. and Chosack, A.: An evaluation of marginal leakage of class 2 combined amalgam-composite restorations. Poster presentation. American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. 43rd Annual Session. Boston Massachusetts, May 1990. (poster) 
 
7. Holan G. Kadari A. Engelhard D. and Chosack A.: Temperature elevation in children following dental treatment under general anesthesia with and without prophylactic antibiotics. The 11th congress of the International Association of Dentistry for the Handicapped. Venezia 26-30 July 1992 Abstract #27. (abstract)
 
8. Hovav S. Levinstein I. Holan G. and Fuks AB.: Microleakage of class II Superbond-lined composite restorations with and without a cervical amalgam base. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Herzelia, April 29-30 1993, Abstract #5. (abstract)
 
9. Fuks A. Hovav S. Holan, G. and Lewinstein I.: Superbond-lined restorations placed over an amalgam base: a microleakage study. Pediatric Dentistry 16:156, 1994. (abstract)
!  Awarded by the Educational Foundation of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. May 1994.
 
10. Fuks A. Holan, G. Davis J. and Eidelman E.: Ferric sulfate versus diluted formocresol in pulpotomized primary molars: preliminary report. Pediatric Dentistry 16:158, 1994.       
and: Journal of Dental  Research. 73(4):885 abs# 27. April 1994. (abstract)
 
11. Shapira, J. Holan, G. and Fuks AB.: Effectiveness of Midazolam and hydroxyzine on pediatric dental patients. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Netanya, March 30-31, 1995, Abstract #78.
and: Journal of Dental  Research. 74(3):963, 1995, Abstract #78. (abstract)
 
12. Holan, G. Eidelman, E. Fuks A.B.  Mineral Trioxide Aggregate vs. Formocresol in Pulpotomized Primary Molars: 8-36 Months Follow-up. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Jerusalem June 2001, Abstract #37 (abstract)
 
13. Zahalka M. and Holan G. Cost and time spent on initial treatment of dental trauma in chilsren. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division- Annual Meeting. Jerusalem June 2003, Abstract #112 (poster)
 
14. Holan, G. Eidelman, E. Fuks A.B. Long-term evaluation of pulpotomized primary molars using MTA or Formocresol. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Tel Aviv June 2005, Abstract #36 (abstract).
 
15. Sheinvald-Shusterman K. Holan G. Parents’ ability to recall past injuries to maxillary primary incisors in their children. 22nd Congress of the International Association of  Paediatric Dentistry in Munich, 17-20 June, 2009 Abstract # P10–145.
 
16. Ram  D.  Katzir-goldenboum D. Matalon V.N. Holan G. Pre-school children’s awareness to absence of maxillary primary incisors. 22nd Congress of the International Association of  Paediatric Dentistry in Munich, 17-20 June, 2009 Abstract #O18–132.
 
Participation in Scientific Conferences – Abstracts presented by Dr. Holan
 
1. Holan, G. Community dentistry in a Kibbutz. International meeting of the Israel Dental Association. Tel-Aviv. Dec. 21-24 1981 p-81. (lecture) 
 
2. Holan, G. Fuks, AB. Grajower, R. and Chosack, A. In vitro assessment of the effect of Scotchbond on the marginal leakage of class II composite restorations in primary molars. World Dental Conference, Jerusalem, Israel, June 1987. (lecture) 
 
3. Fisbein, S. Holan, G. Grajower, R. and Fuks, AB.: The effect of VLC Scotchbond and an incremental filling technique on the leakage around class II composite restorations. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Herzelia, January 23, 1987. Journal of Dental Research. 66:914, 1987. and: CRA Newsletter p:3 Apr. 1988. (lecture)
 
4. Holan, G. Chosack, A. and Eidelman, E.: Clinical, radiographic and contact area evaluation of class II composites in primary molars. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Jerusalem April 13, 1989. Journal of Dental Research, 68:658 April 1989 Abstract 21. (lecture)
 
5. Holan G. Influence of wearing latex gloves on electric pulp tester readings in children. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Herzelia April 2-3 1992, Abstract #7. (lecture) 
 
6. Holan G. and Mamber E.: Traditional extractions of primary canine tooth buds in Ethiopian Jews. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Herzelia, April 29-30 1993, Abstract #18. (lecture)
 
7. Holan, G. Principles of local anesthesia in children. Post graduate - continuing education course. Faculty of Dental Medicine. Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel. January 15, 1993. (lecture) 
 
8. Holan, G. Chosack, A. and Eidelman, E.: In-vivo evaluation of class 2 amalgam-composite restorations in primary molars. Journal of Dental Research. 73(4):885 abs# 19. April 1994.                                        
      and: 2nd  Congress of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry. June
      18-21, 1994 Athens, Greece. Abstract #97. (lecture)
 
9. Holan, G. and Fuks AB.: Diagnostic value of coronal dark discoloration in traumatized primary incisors. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Netanya, March 30-31, 1995, Abstract #75, and: Journal of Dental Research. 74(3):963, 1995, Abstract #75. (lecture) 
 
10. Holan, G. and Fuks AB.: Diagnostic value of coronal dark discoloration in traumatized primary incisors. 15th Congress of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry. Goteborg Sweden, June 8-11, 1995, Abstract #140. (lecture) 
 
11. Holan, G. Eidelman E. and Wright G.: Effect of internal bevel on Cervical leakage of class 2 composites. 3rd congress of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry. Bruges, Belgium June 7-11, 1996. Abstract #1.     
      and: International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division – Annual
      Meeting. Kiryat-Anavim, June 27-28, 1996, Abstract 2. (lecture) 
 
12. Fuks, AB. Holan, G. Davis, J. Eidelman, E.: Ferric sulfate vs. diluted formocresol in pulpotomized primary molars: clinical & radiographic report. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Kiryat-Anavim, June 27-28, 1996, Abstract 55. (lecture) 
 
13. Holan, G.: Traumatic injuries to the chin: A survey in a pediatric private dental practice. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division- Annual Meeting. Netanya, June 19-20, 1997, Abstract #62.     
      and: Journal of Dental  Research. 76:1167, Abstract #62,1997. (lecture) 
 
14. Holan, G. Ram D: Long term effect of intrusive luxation on primary incisors. A retrospective study. International Association of Dental Traumatology. 9th World Congress on Dental Trauma, Eilat, Israel, October 20-23, 1998. Abstract  p-53. (lecture) 
 
15. Holan, G. Ram D: Sequela and prognosis of intruded primary incisors. A retrospective study. 17th Congress of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry. London, England September 2-4, 1999, Abstract #15.03. (lecture) 
 
16. Holan, G.: Role of the Medical Team in Case of Traumatic Loss of Permanent          Anterior Teeth. The second International Congress on Pediatrics in the          Community. Jerusalem Israel. 9-13 April 2000. Abstract #54. (lecture) 
 
17. Holan, G. Ram D. Fuks AB. The diagnostic value of lateral extra-oral radiography of intruded maxillary primary incisors. International Association for Dental research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Jerusalem June 2001, Abstract #38 and meeting of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry Paris, France, September 2001, abstract #TO3-1. (lecture) 
 
18. Holan G. Fuks AB. Keltz N.  Success Rate of Pulpotomized Primary Molars       Restored with Stainless Steel Crown vs. Amalgam. International Association for       Dental Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Jerusalem June 2001, Abstract #39 and meeting of the International Association of Paediatric Dentistry Paris September 2001, abstract #SO16-2. (lecture) 
 
19. Holan, G. Long-term follow-up of dark discolored traumatized primary incisors       with and without root canal treatment. International Association for Dental       Research, Israeli Division - Annual Meeting. Jerusalem June 2003, Abstract #111 (lecture) 
 
20. Holan, G. Traumatic injuries to the primary teeth: complications and treatment. Post graduate - continuing education course. Faculty of Dental Medicine. Hadassah School of Dental Medicine, Jerusalem, Israel. February 10, 2003. (lecture) 
 
21. Holan, G. Should avulsed primary incisors be replanted? Annual meeting of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry. New York NY, May 2003. (lecture) 
 
22. Holan G. Gabay M. Fuks AB. Effect of conservative treatment on root resorption of primary molars. International Association for Dental Research, Israeli Division- Annual Meeting. Tel Aviv June 2005, Abstract #35. (lecture).
 
23. Holan G. Sheinvald-Shusterman K. Association between Trauma to Primary Incisors and Various Types of Root Resorption. 22nd Congress of the International Association of  Paediatric Dentistry in Munich, 17-20 June, 2009 Abstract # O16–123.
 
24. Holan G. The contribution of radiographs to the prevalence of trauma to primary incisors. 18th World congress of the International Association of Dental Traumatology. Istanbul Turkey, 19-21-June 2014.
 
25. Shmueli A Holan G. Consequences of non-eruption of intruded primary incisors EAPD Congress, Glasgow, Scotland. 1-4 July 2015 Poster #500.
 
Invited Lecturer in Scientific Conferences and Meetings and Seminars
 
1. Holan, G. Methods of use of fluorides as a preventive measure against dental caries. Annual conference of the Israel Dental Oral Hygienists Association. Bitan-Aharon. Israel. Jan. 1987. (invited lecturer) 
 
2. Holan, G. Etiology, prevalence and clinical implications of congenital absence of primary and permanent teeth. Symposium of the Israeli Society of Dentistry for Children. May 1987. (invited lecturer) 
 
3. Holan, G. Dental and oral health of the young child. Symposium on dental health of the "Mother and Child Care Centers". January 1988. (invited lecturer) 
 
4. Holan, G. Caries in Children: Prevalence and treatment. Lecture to specialists in Family Medicine. Apr. 1988. (invited lecturer) 
 
5. Holan, G. Fluoride toxicity: Signs and symptoms, and methods of prevention. Symposium of the Israeli Society of Dentistry for Children. May 1988. (invited lecturer) 
 
6. Holan, G. Clinical, radiographic and contact area evaluation of class II composites in primary molars. Alpha-Omega meeting. Leo Yassenoff Jewish Center. Columbus, Ohio. December 13, 1989. (invited lecturer) 
 
7. Holan, G. Activities of the department of Pediatric Dentistry: Teaching, Research and Treatment. Columbus Ohio Chapter of Hadassah, Annual Meeting. March 1990. (invited lecturer) 
 
8. Holan, G. Indications for replantation of avulsed permanent teeth and postoperative complications associated with treatment. Symposium of the Israeli Society of Dentistry for Children.  December 24, 1993. (invited lecturer) 
 

9. Holan, G. Pediatric Dentistry & Pediatrics: topics of mutual interest.  Lecture and seminar to the staff of the Department of Pediatrics, Hadassah, Mt. Scopus. April 21, 1994. (invited lecturer) 
 
10. Holan, G. "Marginal leakage of class 2 composite restoration in molars" a review of 7 research studies. Presented to Faculty of Pediatric Dentistry and postgraduate students School of Dentistry Louisiana State University Medical Center, May 25, 1994. (invited lecturer) 
 
11. Holan, G. Tube-like calcification in the dental pulp of traumatized primary incisors. Annual Meeting of the Israeli Society of Dentistry for Children, Herzlia December 19-20, 1996. (invited lecturer) 
 
12. Holan, G. Replantation of avulsed permanent teeth: healing mechanisms. Haifa branch of the Israel Dental Association. Continuing Education Friday Meetings, January 24, 1997. (invited lecturer) 
 
13. Holan, G. Special aspects of traumatic injuries to the primary dentition. Children’s Hospital - The Ohio State University, Columbus Ohio, May 29, 1997. (invited lecturer) 
 
14. Holan, G. Special aspects of traumatic injuries to the primary dentition. New Jersey Dental School - University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey, May 30, 1997. (invited lecturer) 
 
15. Holan, G. Special aspects of traumatic injuries to the primary dentition. Children’s Hospital, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Boston MA. June 2, 1997. (invited lecturer) 
 
16. Holan, G. Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Dentition.  Pediatric Dentistry Symposium of the Dental Society of Cyprus. Limassol, Cyprus. October 18-19, 1997. (invited lecturer) 
 
17. Holan, G. Replantation of Avulsed Permanent Incisors.  Pediatric Dentistry Symposium of the Dental Society of Cyprus. Limassol, Cyprus. October 18-19, 1997. (invited lecturer)   
 
18. Holan, G. Evaluation of the recommended guidelines for the treatment of avulsed permanent incisors. Annual Conference of the Israel Dental Association. Tel Aviv January 29-30, 1998. (invited lecturer) 
 
19. Holan, G. Treatment approaches for avulsed permanent teeth. Post graduate - continuing education course. Neve-Ilan December 16, 1998. (invited lecturer)
 
20. Holan, G. Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Dentition.  Three hours presentation to postgraduate students. Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dental Medicine, NOVA Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale Florida, May 30, 2001. (invited lecturer) 
 
21. Holan, G. Replantation of avulsed primary incisors: Pros and cons of a controversial treatment.  Joint meeting of the Hellenic and Israeli Paedodontic Societies. Santorini, Greece July, 14-15, 2001. (invited lecturer) 
 
22. Holan, G. Traumatic Injuries to the Permanent Dentition: Diagnosis, Treatment and complications. Presented to dentists of  “TABAS - Dental Organization”. Sharon Hotel, Herzliya, Israel. December 2001. (invited lecturer) 
 
23. Holan, G. Radical vs. conservative treatment of traumatic injuries to primary incisors. Third Multidisciplinary Conference of the Israeli Othodontic Society. Tel Aviv, Israel, December 2001. (invited lecturer) 
 
24. Holan, G. Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Dentition: Diagnosis, Treatment and Complications. Presented to dentists of  “TABAS - Dental Organization”. City Hotel, Tel Aviv, Israel, November 14, 2002. (invited lecturer) 
 
25. Holan, G. Endodontic aspects of traumatic injuries to the primary teeth. Joint conference: The Israel Society of Dentistry for Children & The Israel Endodontic Society, The Israel Society for Prevention and Treatment of Dental Trauma. Herzeliya, Israel, January 9-10, 2003. (invited lecturer) 
 
26. Holan, G. Late Complications of Traumatic Injuries to Primary Incisors: Pulpal and Periodontal Considerations. Argentinean Association of Pediatric Dentistry. Buenos Aires, Argentina, October 2003.  (invited lecturer) 
 
27. Holan, G. Replantation of Avulsed primary teeth. Argentinean Association of Pediatric Dentistry. Buenos Aires, Argentina, October 2003. (invited lecturer) 
 
28. Holan, G. Emergency Treatment of Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Incisors: Root Fractures and Luxation Injuries. XIII Congress of the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT), Santiago, Chile, October 2003. (invited lecturer) 
 
29. Holan, G. Late Complications of Traumatic Injuries to Primary Incisors: Pulpal and Periodontal Considerations. XIII Congress of the International Association of Dental Traumatology (IADT), Santiago, Chile, October 2003. (invited lecturer) 
 
30. Holan, G. Emergency Treatment of Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Incisors: Pulp exposure, Root Fractures and Luxation Injuries. International Symposium “New developments in Pediatric dentistry”. Faculty of dental Medicine University of Timisoara, Romania, 8-9 April 2004. (invited lecturer) 
 
31. Holan, G. Late Complications of Traumatic Injuries to Primary Incisors: Pulpal and Periodontal Considerations. International Symposium “New developments in Pediatric dentistry”. Faculty of dental Medicine University of Timisoara, Romania, 8-9 April 2004. (invited lecturer) 
 
32. Holan, G. Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Teeth. Full Day Course. Dental Association of Catalunya. Barcelona, Spain. November 20, 2004. (invited lecturer)
 
33. Holan G.  Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Teeth: Complications and management of early loss of primary incisors, and Intrusive luxation. Hadassah Internacional – Mexicana de Odontologia Pediatrica (http://www.viaje.co.il/hadassah) March 8, 2005. (invited lecturer).
 
34. Holan G. Dental Radiography in children. Primeras Jornadas de Actualizacion Odontologica de OralB. Cordoba, Argentina, June 2005. (invited lecturer)
 
35. Holan G. Late complications of traumatic injuries to primary incisors: Pulpal and periodontal considerations. Primeras Jornadas de Actualizacion Odontologica de OralB. Buenos Aires, Argentina, July 2005. (Invited lecturer).
 
36. Holan G. Late complications of traumatic injuries to primary incisors: Pulpal and periodontal considerations. Department of Pediatric Dentistry, New York University, NY, USA. October 2005. (Invited lecturer).
 
37. Holan G. Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Dentition:  Emergency Treatment and Late Complications. Department of Dentistry, Children’s Hospital Columbus Ohio,  USA. October 2005. (Invited lecturer).
 
38. Holan G. “To save or not to save?  Dilemmas of injured primary teeth” presentation at the Dean’s Seminar University of Florida, College of dentistry. October 27, 2005 (Invited lecturer).
 
39. Holan G. Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Dentition:  Continuing Education Course (full day). Department of Pediatric Dentistry, College of Dentistry, University of Florida, Gainesville Florida, USA. October 28, 2005. (Invited lecturer).
 
40. Holan G. Extra-oral decoronation of permanent incisors following an extended oxtra-oral period.  Joint meeting of The Israel Society of Pediatric Dentistry and The Israel Society of Endodontics. Herzliya, Israel, April 7, 2006 (Invited lecturer).  
 
41. Holan G. Dark Coronal Discoloration following traumatic injuries to the primary teeth. Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Medicine, The Charles University in Prague, The Czech Republic. April 21, 2006 (Invited lecturer).
 
42. Holan G. Intrusion of primary incisors. Annual Meeting of the Swiss Society of Oral Surgeons. Basel, Switzerland – September 8-9, 2006. (invited lecturer) 
 
43. Holan G. Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Dentition. Two days seminar. Academia Mexicana de Odontopediatria. Curso Magno. Queretaro, Mexico 12-14 October 2006. (invited lecturer)
 
44. Holan G. Reasonable Approach for Treatment of Traumatized Primary Teeth. Meeting of the Lorraine Chapter of the Alpha-Omega Fraternity. Metz, France 16/10/2008
 
45. Holan G. Clinical Aspects of Traumatic Injuries to the Primary teeth. Department of Paediatric Dentistry UFR d’Odontologie, Paris, France. 15/10/2008.
 
46. Holan G. Traumatic Injuries to the Primary Dentition. Four hours seminar. Academia Costarricense de Odontologia Pediatrica. San Juan Costa-Rica, 24 February 2009. (invited lecturer)
 
47. Holan G. Late complications of traumatic injuries to primary incisors: Dark Coronal Discoloration. School of Dental Medicine University of Basel. “Trauma-Tag 2011, Management von Zahnunfällen in der zahnärztlichen Praxis”  Basel 29 October 2011
 
48. Holan G. Premature loss of primary anterior teeth due to trauma - potential short and long term sequalae. EAPD Congress, Glasgow, Scotland. 1-4 July 2015.
 
49. Holan G. Dark Coronal Discoloration following traumatic injuries to the primary teeth. Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Peking University School of Stomatology, Beijing, China. September 22, 2015 (Invited lecturer).
 
50. Holan G. How predictable is endodontic therapy in traumatized primary teeth? 5th Trauma Symposium, Copenhagen, Denmark April, 2016
 
 
 
 
Scientific Biography
 
1. Traumatic injuries to primary teeth.
2. Pulp therapy in primary teeth.
3. Effects of sedatives on the behavior of young children during dental treatment.
 
1. Traumatic injuries to primary teeth
My main focus during the past years has been on “Traumatic injuries to primary teeth”. Three main reasons motivated investigation in this field:
 
1) The fact that the majority of publications related to this subject are text book chapters and/or review articles with relatively few research studies;
2) Currently the descriptions of outcomes of injuries to primary teeth are based mainly on opinions and beliefs rather than evidence, with the result that an attempt to trace the source of the information often leads to a dead end;
3) Currently, the main treatment guidelines have been formulated by dentists who do not treat children on a regular basis and who may be lacking the management skills to cope with young children’s uncooperative behavior. Extraction is often the treatment of choice within these guidelines.
 
One of the main controversies found in the literature regarding injuries to primary teeth, is the disputed condition of the pulp in dark, discolored primary incisors. This has been investigated and published in an article (Study #19) showing that the pulp in almost 100% of these teeth is partially or completely necrotic.
 
This raised several questions:
1. How is it possible that dark discolored teeth that containing a necrotic pulp, remain clinically and radiographically asymptomatic?
2. Why do some teeth remain asymptomatic until their natural exfoliation, whereas others develop sinus tracts or swelling and inflammatory root resorption after years of being asymptomatic?
3. How often does it happen?
4. Should asymptomatic teeth with dark coronal discoloration be treated endodontically or left untreated?
 
These questions were investigated, discussed and resolved in Studies #11, #32 and #37.
 
There are still some questions regarding dark coronal discoloration that have received only slight attention in the literature and need clearing up. For example, why some teeth retain the dark shade, whereas the color fades in others? What is the meaning of different dark shades (gray, black, brown and a variety of intermediate shades)? Can red blood cells really invade the dentin tubules as some authors suggest or is the dark shade the result of degradation of hemoglobin as other claim?
 
These are some of the topics that I am currently investigating, and plan to research in the future.
 
Intrusive luxation is one of the most complicated injuries to primary teeth. Although numerous studies are available on the effect of intrusion of primary teeth on their permanent successors, only a few articles deal with theses effects on primary teeth. Study #26 reports on the long-term outcomes of intrusion to the primary incisors. The survival rate of such teeth beyond 36 months, the reasons for loss of teeth throughout the years, the radiographic appearance with the unique finding of tube-like mineralization in the pulp canal, have never been reported before (Study #25). This study reports other aspects as well.
Another study (Study #28) in which the diagnostic value of a lateral extraoral radiograph was found to be of limited, challenged the recommendation to take this radiograph in-order to diagnose the spatial relation between the intruded primary incisor and the permanent successor.
 
A case report describes the development of a dentin bridge following partial pulpotomy (the Cvek technique) in a primary incisor with crown fracture and pulp exposure in a very young child (Case report #3).
 
Data on other cases of partial pulpotomy in injured primary incisors is currently being collected and will be published when sufficient information has been gathered. Meanwhile a review has been published on various options for treating primary incisors with traumatic exposure of the pulp (Review #3).
 
Another report describes a successful conservative treatment of severely luxated primary incisors with follow-up until natural exfoliation of the primary teeth and eruption of their permanent successors (Case report #9).
These reports intended to show that extraction is not the only treatment option for primary teeth with severe traumatic injuries.
 
The association, usually overlooked, between injuries to the chin and fractures of primary molars has been investigated in a survey (Study #24). A case report of an unusual effect of trauma to the chin on the attachment apparatus of primary molars has been published (Case report #6).
 
The consequences of early loss of primary incisors are mentioned in the literature. However, only few statements are supported by controlled studies. I am now investigating several aspects of early loss of primary incisors as a result of traumatic injuries. For example, is there loss of space in the case of extracting of a primary incisor before eruption of the primary canines? Does early loss of primary incisors affect the child’s self-esteem and parents’ esthetic demands? In a future study, I intend to investigate how the loss of primary incisors affects speech and the development of oral habits.
 
The traditional rejection of replantation of avulsed primary incisors is based on many arguments, most of which are irrelevant. A critical review article dealing with the controversy of this practice has been presented on several occasions (Presentations #51, #59 and #61) and will be sent for publication in the near future. The risk of aspiration following avulsion of primary incisors has been demonstrated (Case report #10).
 
The results of the research studies on traumatic injuries to the primary teeth and the experience gained over years of practice are summarized in chapters in two books of which I am a co-author (Chapters in books #1 and #2).
 
2. Pulp therapy in primary teeth
I am interested in another field related to the pulp in primary teeth. This is sometimes strongly associated with traumatic injuries as mentioned earlier, in cases of crown fracture with pulp exposure (Case report #3 and Review #3); the condition of the pulp in dark discolored primary incisors (Studies #19 and #26); or whether root canal treatment should be performed in traumatized primary teeth in which the only sign is dark discoloration (Study #37). I investigated the condition of the pulp in primary incisors following intrusion (Study #26), and the pulp was unexpectedly found to be vital in more than 50% of the teeth, unlike permanent teeth that show pulp necrosis in almost 100% of the teeth with a closed apex.   
 
I also investigated various aspects of pulp treatment in primary molars with carious pulp exposure. Ferric sulfate and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) were used as dressing materials in pulpotomized primary molars in an attempt to find a suitable replacement for formocresol (Studies #23 and #27). A high success rate was found with MTA after a long-term follow-up period (Study #36). The abstract of this article has been published in the journal Evidence Based Dentistry. A study testing the effect of the types of coronal restoration showed a higher success rate of pulpotomy when teeth were restored with a stainless steel crowns, compared to class II amalgam restorations (Study #29) (An abstract was submitted for the meeting of the Israeli division of the IADR held in June 2005).
 
I completed a further study, which will soon be sent for publication, showing that unlike the common belief, accelerated root resorption and consequent early exfoliation of pulpotomized primary molars is the result of the stainless steel crown and not the pulpotomy.
 
I also investigated the effect of root canal infection and treatment in primary incisors on their permanent successors (Study #11), the effect of two different filling materials on the success rate of pulpectomy in primary molars (Study #15), and the success rate of root canal treatment when Endoflas is used as a filling material (Study #34). The findings of this study lead to another study on the prevalence of radicular cysts in pulpectomized teeth, which is now in process.  
 
3. Sedation
My interest in sedation is an obvious outcome of my main topic of research: traumatic injuries to primary teeth.
Children suffer from injuries to the teeth before they have mastered the skill to walk. This is also the “pre-cooperative age”, in which children are not expected to follow simple orders, and require pharmacological assistance if high quality treatment should be performed without affecting the child’s attitude toward the dental environment.
Studies #12, #18, #21 and #33 report the search for a safe and effective regimen of sedative agents for controlling children’s behavior during dental treatment. In these studies, the effect of a single medication or combination of medications was tested on uncooperative children.   
 
Sedative agents were used in young children during treatment of their injured teeth (Case report #3 and many unpublished cases of treating repositioning luxated teeth, root canal treatment of injured teeth that lost their vitality, and replantation of avulsed primary teeth).
 
The significance of using sedative agents in children with traumatized teeth is the ability to preserve severely injured teeth. The same teeth would otherwise be extracted according to the recommendation of textbooks and review articles that justify extraction when children behave too uncooperatively to enable preserving the tooth. Publications showing that severely traumatized primary teeth can be saved with the use of sedative agents may change the philosophy of treatment of such teeth.
 
I am planning a future study, in cooperation with the Department of Pediatric Dentistry, in Gainesville, Florida in which administration of nitrous oxide will be ceased shortly after the beginning of the operative treatment.
 
The Jerusalem Index
Journal                                   Rank      # of publications
 
הרפואה C 1
 
Dental Traumatology  B 7
(previously named: Endodontics & Dental Tramatology) 
 
International Journal of Paediatric Dentinstry  B 9 
 
Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry  C 2 
 
Journal of Dentistry  B 1 
 
Journal of Dentistry for Children  C 6
 
Pediatric Dentistry  A 18
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